Maps of Early Civilizations

This page list maps of early civilizations produced by National Geographic. These maps will have articles, notes, illustrations, physical maps and insets filled with historical information on cultures and early peoples from all over the world. I have broken this list of maps up into several regions throughout the world.

A good place for maps with information on certain early civilizations, the Mongals, Mesoamericans, Romans, Greeks, Egyptians and Inca, is this page Great Peoples of the Past.

Click on Map Titles that are Links to see a Picture of that map.

Chicken-dance

Early Civilizations: The Americas

1. Native American Heritage - October 1991 (29"x20")
Side A:
A large physical map occupies most of this side. Clearly marked on this map are tribal centers or museums, archaeological discoveries and historical sites, museums with Native American exhibits, Federal Indian Reservations and selected National Parks clearly marked.

2. Indian America-What you can Visit Today - October 1991 (29"x20")
Side B:
The center section of this map is filled with illustrations and write-ups on interesting sites to see. On the left and right sides are indexes to sites of interest for the map on the other side, broken into The West and The East.

3. Dawn of Humans - February 1997 (31"x20")
Side A:
The upper part of this side has a physical map of Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia color coded to show vegetation patterns. On it is marked fossil sites for Anatomically Modern Homo Sapiens (Over 50,000 years ago), Neanderthal, Archaic Homo Sapiens and Homo Erectus, Homo Ergaste or Homo Habilis. All along the bottom are insets titled Four Million Years Ago: Hominids take a Stand, Olduval Gorge: Source for Prehistory, 125,000 years ago: Exploiting a Climate of Opportunity, 65,000 years ago: Ice Age Routes to New Homes and Today: Prospecting for Hominids.

4. Seeking our Origins - February 1997 (31"x20")
Side B:
This side illustrates the evolution of mankind in a timeline from 4.5 million years ago to the present. Our ancestral tree is broken up into the Earliest Hominids, the Robust Hominids and the Genus Homo.

5. Dawn of Humans: Peopling of the Americas - December 2000
Side B:
This side is filled with a physical map of the Americas showing proposed peopling routes of the first Americans. It has beautiful illustrations of early life and lots of historical notes and articles on these early peoples. This is a great addition to the early civilizations of the Americas.

Early Civilizations: North America

1. Indians of North America - December 1972 (37"x22")
Side A:
This has a physical map divided into several regions occupied by different Indian tribes. These regions with information and illustrations include the Aleutians, the Northwest coast, plateau, plains hunters, Great Basin, California, Southwest, Middle America, Caribbean area, plains farmers, Southeast, Northeast and the Arctic. A great source for the early civilizations of North America

2. North America Before Columbus - December 1972 (37"x22")
Side B:
This side contains a fantastic physical map of the North America continent showing the diverse landscape of this continent. It has lots of notes and illustrations on the history of different regions of the continent. It has an inset chronicling the North American past along with insets on Tyuonyi Pueblo-New Mexico, Moundville-Alabama, Edwin Harness site-Ohio and Ipiutak-Alaska.

3. North American Indian Cultures - September 2004
Side A:
Here is a large physical map of North America color coded to show the different Indian cultures or linguistic families. Each linguistic family has its own little write-up on the left side of the map Other information on these cultures can also be found here. This is another great source of information on early civilizations of North America.

4. Indian Country - September 2004
Side B:
This side has a large physical map of the United States showing the locations of Indian reservations, other federally recognized tribal entity, State Indian reservations, Indian Health Service or Tribal Hospital, major festivals or powwows, Cultural centers or museums and Tribal colleges or universities. There are lots of notes throughout the map. On the bottom are insets titled 1775-1819 A Nation Expands, 1820-1864 Forced Exodus, 1865-1894 Land Rush and 1895-2004 New Battlefields. On the top are pictures and small notes on famous American Indians.

Early Civilizations: South America
and Central America


1. Archaeological Map of Middle America: Land of the Feathered Serpent - October 1968 (25"x19")
Side A:
This is a beautiful political map of Middle America including Mexico, Yucatan Peninsula, Guatemala, British Honduras, Honduras and El Salvador. It is filled with historical and archaeological notes on Aztec and Maya sites of interest. There are inset maps of Teotihuacan, Monte Alban, Chichen Itza and Tikal.

2. Middle America: Land of the Feathered Serpent - October 1968 (25"x19")
Side B:
This side has a great write-up on Middle America before Cortes. There is an inset map of the Valley of Mexico with historical notes, and an inset titled The Yardstick of Time in Middle America. A map index is also included for the map on the other side.

3. Physical Map of South America - October 1972 (30"x23")
Side A:
This is a physical map of South America showing historical, geographic and economic details of the continent. It shows the Inca Empire before Columbus and archaeological sites.

4. A Visitors Guide to the Aztec World - December 1980 (25.5"x20") Side A: This side is divided into two halves, the left side shows the Valley of Mexico and the right side is a map of Mexico City. Both sides are filled with facts and historic sites of interest.

5. Archaeology of South America - March 1982 (37"x22.5")
Side A:
This side has a beautiful raised relief map of the western coast of South America. It is filled with historical notes and archaeological discoveries. It contains a physical map of South America and illustrations portraying the progression of cultures through pottery. There is a large inset with lots of great illustrations titled The Growth of South American Civilization.

6. Indians of South America - March 1982 (37"x22.5")
Side B:
There is a huge physical map on this side colored coded to show where the different Indian cultures lived. You will find lots of notes, pictures and illustrations of Indian cultures and artifacts.

7. Land of the Maya: A Traveler's Map - October 1989 (27"x20")
Side A:
There is a large physical map here of the Maya world showing existing protected areas, museums, populated places of archaeological importance, points of interest and ruins. It is filled with interesting historical notes. A great source of information on this early civilization.

8. Ancient Maya World - October 1989 (27"x20")
Side B:
One side of this map has a physical map filled with red dots depicting sites officially recorded by archaeological agencies of the respective governments. It is marked with historic sea and trade routes. The right side has illustrations of several artifacts set up on a timeline.

Early-Dutch

Early Civilizations: Europe

1. Classical Lands of the Mediterranean - March 1940 (35"x25.5") This is a great historical map with lots of notes and detailed inset maps of ancient Athens, ancient Rome and the Roman Empire at is peak. It includes Greek mythological characters and their Roman equivalents.

2. Classical Lands of the Mediterranean - December 1949 (32"x22") This map came out just after a bitter civil war in Greece. This Mediterranean map is rich in historic information of the Greek, Roman and Phoencian early civilizations. It has inset maps of ancient Athens and ancient Rome, along with text on the worlds of Homer, Herodotus and Strabo.

3. Celtic Europe - May 1977 (30"x22.5")
Side A:
This side has a large physical map of Europe filled with historical notes and the locations of early sites. The map is also filled with fine illustrations of early artifacts and a nice write-up on the Ancient Celts - Founders of Europe. This is a great source of information on this early civilization.

4. Historical Ireland: From Pre-Christian Times to the Turmoil of Today - April 1981 (20.5"x14")
Side B:
This side is divided into three sections with physical maps and write-ups on the general history of this land. The sections are titled Pre-Norman Ireland First Century BC - AD 1168, Medieval Ireland 1169 - 1690 and Modern Ireland 1691 - Present.

5. Historic Mediterranean, 800 BC to AD 1500 Map - December 1982 (37"x22.5")
Side A:
This side is mostly filled with a physical map of the Mediterranean area filled with notes and sites of archaeological discoveries. On the bottom are insets of early maps titled The World of Homer ca 700 BC, The World of Herodotus ca AD 140 and The Hereford Map ca AD 1290.

6. History of Europe: The Major Turning Points - December 1983 (43"x30")
Side B:
On this side is a huge physical map of Europe filled with historical notes on the general history of this continent. The right side has lots of inset maps and illustrations. On the far right is a timeline from 4500 BC to 1979 titled Tapestry of History.



Early Civilizations: The Middle East

1. Peoples of the Middle East - July 1972 (35.5"x22.5")
Side A:
You will find a huge physical map of the Middle East including Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iran and Afghanistan. Along the outside are illustrations and write-ups on the diverse peoples who inhabit these regions. There is an inset map titled An Awesome Human Mosaic.

2. A Cultural Map of the Middle East - July 1972 (35.5"x22.5")
Side B:
This side is filled with physical map insets and write-ups on the cultures of the Middle East. The write-ups have titles like Where water sets the pace, Those who plant, Those who roam, Cities the magnets, New look for woman, The impact of Islam, The rush for black gold, Politics of today and Ebb and flow of empires.

3. Early Civilizations in the Middle East - September 1978 (37"x23")
Side B:
This beautiful map features illustrations of artifacts and an overview of the history of the region and the early civilizations who called it home.

4. Special Places of the World: Holy Land - December 1989 (31"x20") Side A: This side has a beautiful physical map of the Holy Land filled with historical and archaeological discoveries. Special sites on the map are color coded to show what periods people occupied these sites, Stone and Bronze Ages (ca 500,000 to 1200 BC), Israellite and Persian periods (ca 1200 to 332 BC), Hellenistic and Roman periods (332 BC to AD 324), Byzantine period (AD 324 to 640) and Islamic period (AD 640 to 1917).

Arusha-wedding-dancers

Early Civilizations: Africa

1. Nile Valley: Land of the Pharaohs - May 1965 (25"x19")
Side A:
This is a fantastic map divided in two parts in order to properly show the whole length of the Nile Valley. It is filled with historic and archaeological notes on sites of interest. It includes an inset map of the Egyptian Empire 1450 BC.

2. Your Introduction to Ancient Egypt - May 1965 (25"x19")
Side B:
This side has a good introduction to Ancient Egypt. The right side has a large map index of the map on the other side.

3. The Peoples of Africa - December 1971 (28"x22.5")
Side A:
This side has a physical map of Africa and along the outside are illustrations and notes on the different peoples who inhabit this continent. There is an inset map titled Peoples and Languages: A Key to this Map.

4. Africa: It's Political Development - February 1980 (29x23)
Side B:
Contains an Old World map of Africa crafted by Flemish cartographer Ortelius in 1750. Has maps and explanations showing an overview of the political development of Africa.

5. Egypt's Nile Valley: The North - January 1995 (31"x10")
Side A:
This side contains the northern part of the Nile Valley in a physical map. It is filled with historical notes on places of interest and archaeological discoveries throughout the map. It also has insets and write-ups along the outside to better explain this area.

6. Egypt's Nile Valley: The South - January 1995 (31"x10")
Side B:
This side shows the southern part of the Nile Valley in a physical map that is filled with historical notes on places of interest and archaeological discoveries. It also has map insets, illustrations and write-ups to better explain the area.

Dalai-Lama-Tibet

Early Civilizations: Asia

1. The Peoples of Mainland Southeast Asia - March 1971 (37.5"x32.5")
Side A:
This side contains a huge physical map of mainland Southeast Asia including Viet Nam, Cambodia, Thailand and Burma. Along the outside are illustrations of the various peoples that inhabit these countries with short descriptions. Marked on the map are the locations of where these peoples are located. There are also inset maps titled Early Man in Southeast Asia and Historic Kingdoms and Colonies and a color key to the ethnic groups. A great source of information of the early civilizations of this region.

2. Discoverers of the Pacific - December 1974 (37"x22.5")
Side B:
This side is filled with illustrations and write-ups on the early peoples who explored the Pacific islands. The center has a physical map of the Pacific ocean color coded to show what different peoples resided in each region.

3. Historical Japan - June 1984 (37"x11")
Side B:
This side is mostly filled with insets titled Birth of a Central State 552-710, Age of the Courtiers 710-1185, Medieval and Feudal Japan 1185-1868 and Modern Japan to 1945. On the left side is a timeline dating from ca 30,000 BC to 1945 titled Scroll of a Nation.

4. History of the Philippines - July 1986 (27"x20")
Side A:
There is a physical map on this side color coded to show the locations of Mid-17th Century Roman Catholic missionaries. The rest of this side is divided into insets titled 1. Beginnings of the Archipelago, 2. Cross, Crown and Crescent, 2a. Manila Entrepot: Junks and Galleons, 3. American era, 3a. World War II and 4. An Evolving Republic.

5. China - July 1991 (29"x22")
Side B:
This map contains two large physical maps detailing China's population density and industry and agriculture. It also has six smaller maps showing different historical periods.

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